WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS
Have to be supplied on a daily basis because they are continually broken down and excreted.
Choline – 75mg
Required for proper transmission of nerve impulses and for utilization of sulfur-containing amino acids.
Pantothenic Acid – 1mg
Required for energy and for protein metabolism.
Thiamine – 500mcg
Promotes a good appetite and normal growth. Is required for energy production.
Riboflavin – 500mcg
Folic Acid – 25mcg
Works together with vitamin B12 in many of the bodies chemical reactions.
Biotin – 5mcg
A component of several important enzyme systems.
Niacinamide – 10mg
A constituent of many enzymes that process carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Pyridoxine – 500mcg
Important in the metabolism of proteins and in the formation of red blood cells.
Vitamin C – 50mg
Participates in the formation of bones, teeth and soft tissue. Is an antioxidant that is helpful during times of stress. It is abundant in fresh foods, but is killed during the high temperature processing of dog foods.
Vitamin B12 – 0.5mcg
Necessary for normal DNA synthesis and intestinal function.
FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS
Vitamin A – 1,000 IU
Necessary for proper vision, especially night vision. Important in bone growth, reproduction, and maintenance of tissues such as the lungs, intestines and skin.
Vitamin D3 – 125 IU
Critical to the dog’s ability to use calcium and phosphorus for bone and cartilage growth and maintenance.
Vitamin E – 10 IU
An Antioxidant that protects cells from oxidative damage. Especially important for muscular and reproductive function. Is helpful during times of stress. Is abundant in fresh foods, but is killed during the high temperature processing of dog foods.
Minerals are present in small amounts in the tissues of all living things. Teeth, bones, muscles and nerves have especially high mineral content. Minerals can be divided into two groups: the major minerals and the trace minerals.
Required in gram amounts each day.
Magnesium – 1mg
Essential for many of the cells enzymatic reactions. Also helps promote the absorption and metabolism of many other vitamins and minerals, including vitamins C and E, calcium and phosphorus. Important in bone growth and development.
Potassium – 25mg
Helps nerves to function and muscles to contract. Helps heartbeat to stay regular. Also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells.
Required in milligrams or microgram amounts per day.
Iron – 1mg
Is present in every cell in the body. It is particularly important, along with protein and copper, for the production of red blood cells, which are responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to every part of the body.
Copper – 50mcg
A trace mineral that has many different functions. It is needed for the production of blood and for the proper absorption of iron. It is also involved in the production of connective tissue and in healing.
Zinc – 1mg
Important in the metabolism of several vitamins, particularly the B-vitamins. Zinc is also a component of several enzymes needed for digestion and metabolism and it promotes healing as well. Your dog needs zinc for proper coat health.
L-Taurine – 25mg
Taurine is found in several organs, and its benefits are widespread. Its direct roles include: Maintaining proper hydration and electrolyte balance in cells, Forming bile salts, which play an important role in digestion, Regulating minerals such as calcium within cells. Supporting the general function of the central nervous system and eyes. Regulating immune system health and antioxidant function.
Echinacea – 50mg
Stimulates the immune system.